Acupressure
Technique based on Chinese Medicine, a 2000 year old Eastern tradition. Life energy flows through 'meridians,' or energetic pathways, in the body. Physical pressure is applied by hand, elbow, or with various devices, such as needles in Acupuncture.


Adipose Tissue
​A type of loose connective tissue, specialized for fat storage which insulates the body against heat loss, provides fuel reserves for energy, and provides a cushion around certain structures (e.g. heart, kidneys, joints).


Autonomic Nervous System

The division of the nervous system that functions involuntarily; innervates cardiac muscle, smooth muscle, and glands; the part of the nervous system that regulates involuntary functions, such as heart rate, blood pressure, digestion, and sweating.​

Allopathic Medicine
Known as conventional or Western medicine, allopathy is a medical approach that seeks to cure by producing a condition in the body different than, or opposite to, the condition that exists within the diseased state.​

Contraindications
Condition in which massage is not indicated. Types include local and total. 

Cortisol
Hormone that produces an inflammatory response.

Draping
The use of sheets to cover the disrobed client, with only the area being worked on exposed. 

Endorphins
Endorphins are among the brain chemicals known as neurotransmitters, which function to transmit electrical signals within the nervous system. At least 20 types of endorphins have been demonstrated in humans. Endorphins can be found in the pituitary gland, in other parts of the brain, or distributed throughout the nervous system.​ In addition to decreased feelings of pain, secretion of endorphins leads to feelings of euphoria, modulation of appetite, release of sex hormones, and enhancement of the immune response. With high endorphin levels, we feel less pain and fewer negative effects of stress​

Fascia
A matrix of connective tissue fibers, primarily collagen, that form sheets or bands beneath the skin to attach, stabilize, enclose, and separate muscles and other internal organs. 

Gait
A person​'s walking pattern.

Golgi Tendon Organ
Receptor located at the musculotendinous junction that is stimulated by both tension and excessive stretch. This protective mechanism helps to ensure that muscles do not  become excessively stretched out or do not contract too strongly and damage their tendons. 

Homeostasis
The human body manages a multitude of highly complex interactions to maintain balance or return systems to functioning within a normal range. 

Hunting response
When icing, a cycle of vasoconstriction and vasodilation that occurs if an initial application of ice continues for several minutes or more. 

Hyperemia
The observable reddened and warmed skin that results from increased blood flow.

Ischemia
A reduction of oxygenated blood to an area of the body, indicated by pain and dysfunction. 

Knot
Layman's term for tight muscles and adhesions, and a word to describe the texture of the tissue, as well as ropey, bandy, etc. A spot or area that feels tense, tight, achy, and/or sore, is often called a knot and is scientifically known as a myofascial trigger point. When muscle fibers become too weak or overworked or positioned with incorrect posture, the muscle may become irritated which causes it to stay contracted. When the muscle spasms, circulation is constricted and lactic acid may build-up which further irritates the muscle. Adhesions may form around the muscle and fascia, further restricting movement. 

Lipoma
A benign tumor consisting of fat tissue ​

Muscle Energy Techniques
A broad class of manual therapy techniques directed at improving musculoskeletal function or joint function, and improving pain.


Oxytocin
​Oxytocin is released through touch, warmth, and affectionate connection. Oxytocin is the brain’s naturally occurring hormone of “tend and befriend," the molecule of motherly love and attachment, the neuropeptide of safety and trust that is the direct and immediate antidote to “fight-flight-freeze.”​
​Source: oxytocin.com

Parasympathetic Nervous System
The parasympathetic system is responsible for stimulation of "rest-and-digest" or "feed and breed" activities that occur when the body is at rest, especially after eating, including sexual arousal, salivation, lacrimation (tears), urination, digestion and defecation.

Prone
Lying face down.

Reciprocal Inhibition
The process of muscles on one side of a joint relaxing to accommodate contraction on the other side of that joint. Joints are controlled by two opposing sets of muscles, such as extensors and flexors.

Seratonin
Serotonin a neurotransmitter popularly thought to be a contributor to feelings of well-being and happiness.

Supine
Lying face up.

Sympathetic Nervous System
The sympathetic nervous system's primary process is to stimulate the body's fight-or-flight response. It is, however, constantly active at a basic level to maintain homeostasis.

Trigger Point
An irritated spot in the fascia surrounding skeletal muscle that radiates tenderness and pain. Sustaining pressure on the spot enables the muscle to relax.

​Massage Therapist in Rochester
Gloria Schaefer, Licensed Massage Therapist in Rochester, New York offering Swedish, Deep Tissue, Reflexology, Zen Facial Massage, Hot Stone, & Chair Massage.

Massage Therapist in Rochester Gloria Schaefer, Licensed Massage Therapist in Rochester, New York offering Swedish, Deep Tissue, Reflexology, Zen Facial Massage, Hot Stone, & Chair Massage.